About Benkhaldoun Zouhair


PHD in Astrophysics from Nice Sophia Antipolis University in France and Cadi Ayyad university of Marrakech. Doctor in Energetics from Marseille University in France.

In 1985 he found with three other researchers the first research laboratory in Astrophysics in Morocco at the national center for scientific and technical research at Rabat. Joins Marrakech University in 1992 and founded with 5 other researchers the laboratory of high-energy physics and astrophysics in 1999. Works to create the first professional astronomical observatory in Morocco on Oukaimeden site, inaugurating it in 2007 and has been directing it since then.

Creates with a group of passionate people the Association of Astronomy amateurs of Marrakech (3AM), a cultural association aiming to promote astronomy and space science to the public.

His research works allow Morocco to be selected for the E-ELT project campaign. He conducted this project as part of the European FP6 program with the support of Hassan II academy for Science and Technics in Morocco.

He is president of the National Comity for astronomy in Morocco (CNAM). Has just been elected president of the ArAS (Arab Astronomical Society), a professional association newly created (December 2016) and working towards the promotion of scientific research in Astrophysics in Arab countries. He is one of the founders of  “Africa Initiative for Planetary and Space Science” and he is a member of its scientific advisory committee.

He is leading an ambitious project to create a 2 meters diameter telescope in Morocco. He is also leading of Atlas Dark Sky Morocco (ADSM) project. The project is aiming the creation of a Dark Sky Reserve around the Oukaimeden observatory in Morocco. The reserve will cover a large area including the Toubkal National Park and the Oukaimeden observatory with a radius of about 80 km. It will become the largest Dark Sky Reserve worldwide and the first in North Africa.

Moreover, he is author of more than a hundred articles and scientific communications. He is also very active in the domain of science outreach. In recognition of his implication in the domain of Astronomy, the international astronomic union (IAU) gave his name to the asteroid 133892 Benkhaldoun (2004 RN8).

He is part of the research team that just discovered the most important exoplanet system as of today (http://www.trappist.one/). This discovery was published in the Nature magazine.


Prizes and distinctions:

Š  Receives in 2008 the prize for best French-Moroccan program called “Action Integrée Inter-universitaire” for the 25 years of existence of this program.

Š  Receives in 2009 the prize of the second best research structure in Cadi Ayyad university for the laboratory of Astrophysics and High energy physics he has been directing from 1999 to 2010.

Š  Figures in 2010 Edition of the magazine « Maroc Business Intelligence »

Š  An asteroid was named as a honor to him: 133892 Benkhaldoun (2004 RN8).

Š  Elected president of the national comity for Astronomy in Morocco (2013)

Š  Elected president of the ArAS, Arab Astronomical Society created in Marrakech in 2016

Š  He was responsible of numerous research programs and international contracts of scientific cooperation.

Narrative Write-Up

Professor Benkhaldoun has been working for more than 30 years for the development of Astronomy and Astrophysics in Morocco. For this reason, he chose first the site-testing theme for observation in astronomy aiming to provide Morocco with an astronomical Observatory. His works on this area allowed him to showcase the good quality of Moroccan sites, mainly the ones of Oukaimeden mountains, and lastly of Aklim site, that was shortlisted as candidate for the future project of the largest telescope in the world; E-ELT.  

Within this thematic, Professor Benkhaldoun and his team first estimated the sky quality in terms of transparence and developed their own measuring instruments (Benkhaldoun, 1993, 1994). Within his laboratory, the candidate also put in place and used two astronomical seeing measurement instruments: the Differential Image Motion Monitor of Marrakech DIMMAR (Benkhaldoun et al, 2004 and 2005). This instrument uses images flickering caused by atmospheric turbulence to characterize the latter and deduct the seeing, which is a main site testing parameter.

The expertise he acquired in this field allowed Pr. Benkhaldoun to contribute with his team to the creation of an atmospheric prifiler of a new type: the Single Star Scidar (SSS), by developing an inventive method of optimization calculus, based on what is called the simulated “recuit” « The Simulated Annealing Algorithm» (Habib et al, 2004, 2005).

Working on new concept using an interferometry method for the measure the phase fluctuation generated by the atmosphere turbulent motion, Mr. Benkhaldoun’s team developed a new instrument: Interferential Seenig Monitor ISM (Habib et al, 2008, 2013, on the long run, this instrument is supposed to replace the DIMM system taking into account its high efficiency and lower cost.

In addition to the instrumental development of these profilers, other techniques to extract turbulence profiles such as the usage of NCEP/NCAR meteorological data were put in place within the LPHEA team led by Mr Benkhaldoun (Y. Hach et al., MNRAS 2012). Therefore, on top of the instrumental development, professor Benkhaldoun showcased a strong theoretical knowledge, and therefore directed his team to contribute to the development of universal models of atmospheric seeing previsions (Benkhaldoun et al, 1994, 1996, 2003, Jabiri et al, 2001, Abahamid et al, 2004). These models are very useful for astronomers willing to schedule in advance the time and location of their observation.

Lastly, this characterization part of astronomical sites has been completed by the aerosols characterization, which is very annoying for observation in this region of the globe because of the proximity to Sahara. Dates of circulation of these aerosols were elaborated within the LPHEA. This part, studied in detailed, was the main subject of two thesis (Siher and Bounhir) supervised by Mr Benkhaldoun, as well as many scientific publications (Siher et al, 2002 et 2004, Bounhir et al, 2006, 2008 et 2009).

Many PHD students were therefore trained under the supervision of mister Benkhaldoun under the thematic of « site testing » (Jabiri, Siher, Abahamid, Habib, Bounhir and Hach), 5 of these researchers later joined his laboratory.

Year 2000 witnessed the organization in Marrakech of an important international conference on the thematic of site testing in visibility and radio (Site 2000). IAU (International Astronomical Union) and URSI (International Union of Radio Science) sponsored this conference and was a big success. Mr Benkhaldoun was the coordinator of the scientific comity and one of the three proceeding publishers. This proceedings are now a reference in the community (J. Vernin, Z. Benkhaldoun, and C. Muoz-Tunon, PASP 2002).

The scientific research conducted under this thematic contributed highly to the creation of Oukaimeden Observatory. This observatory was inaugurated in 1997 and Mr Benkhaldoun was naturally appointed director of this new research center belonging to Cadi Ayyad University.

In this context, and in thanks to the expertise acquired by professor Benkhaldoun on one hand, and the quality of Moroccan sites proves by scientific publications cited above on the other hand, the European community  (through ESO) chose one of the Moroccan sites as a possible candidate of the future 40m Diameter telescope called Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT). This was a very complex challenge due to the site isolation, but it was successfully completed. Actually, Professor Benkhaldoun knew how to mobilize his team and the financial and logistic resources necessary to lead this project. This campaign allowed Morocco to get a consequent database on the astro-climatic parameters of the region. This subjected led to the completion of a PHD thesis (Sabil 2013) and to a number of publications (Bounhir et al 2008, Benhida et al 2010, Sabil et al 2010, Vernin et al 2011, Vasquez-Ramiro et al 2012, Varela et al 2014).

Since the creation of the project of Oukaimeden observatory, professor Benkhaldoun is working toward the target other scientific areas more linked to stellar observations and compatible with the instrumentation he owns or that he was able to acquire within international cooperation. These subjects are presented here after:

Magnitude limit in Optical Interferometry:

The context being the optical interferometers on the launch of the realization of the European Extremely Large Telescope. The very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) is at a strategic turning-point, which determines its scientific applications and its future by horizon of 2020. If it’s application scope can be extended to the low sources, then one of the main axes of development of the VLBI is the manufacturing of instruments, and even interferometers, that could complete the EELT by accessing the fine details that are beyond its resolution abilities. The goal is then to grasp the limits of the long baseline interferometers on the years 2020.

During one doctorate thesis defended in Mr Benkhaldoun laboratory in 2008 (T. Elhalkouj), the following have been developed:

Š       A new isopistonic angle calculation method, acceptable angle between two astronomical sources so as one can be used as a guidance source for the scientific target source (Elhalkouj et al 2008, Sabil et al 2010).

Š       A new cophasing method, called hierarchical (ThŹse Elhalkouj 2008).

Š       A global method of evaluation and optimization of the sky cover for an off axe cophasing( Elhalkouj 2006).

Mach Zehnder interferometer for coronography and apodisation.

The Oukaimeden observatory, under Mr Benkhaldoun supervision, is strongly involved in the R&D program on that topic. The coronography development is fundamental to reach the “final” objective of the EELT on detection and characterization of very faint sources (looking forward “bio-markers” on exo-earths).

The professor Benkhaldoun have conclude an agreement with several partners which allowed the acquisition and installation of materials needed to develop a testing bench at the Marrakech University for an experimental validation of those concepts of apodisation and coronography.

The LPHEA team has engaged in simulations and experimental tests of the apodisation happening by interferometry by using the Michelson interferometer (El Azahri et al, IAU 200, 2006) then the Mach-Zehnder interferometer (Carlotti et al, A&A 477, 2008). The LPHEA has then developed a homothetic technique for interferometric apodisation (Azagrouze, ThŹse 2012, Habib, A., et al, MNRAS 406, 2012).


As the detection and characterisation of exoplanets is booming among the international astronomic community, the OUCA has then naturally taken interest on it. Consequently, two techniques have been implemented at the Observatory. The “transit” technique, which consist in flow decrease detected when a planet is at the crossing point with its star (Daassou et al 2010, 2011). And the radial velocity technique consisting in doing a spectroscopy on the signal coming from the Exoplanet candidate to detect the offset due to the shift of the star gravity center because of the effect of the environing planet system. The Exoplanets atmosphere study is part of the professor Benkhaldoun team investigations. The first doctorate thesis (Ahmed Daassou) was defended in the Cadi Ayyad University in 2015.  

In February 2017, the Observatory team achieves a worldwide scientific accomplishment by participating to the discovery of a 7 telluric exoplanets system, from which at least 3 are in the Habitable zone of the star TRAPPIST-1 (named after the TRAPPIST program from which one of the telescopes – TRAPPIST-North is in Morocco at the Oukaimeden Observatory).

This discovery was published on the prestigious magazine Nature ( 23 February 2017), and the professor Benkhaldoun is one of the authors with one of his doctoral students (Khalidd Barkaoui).

Solar System Small bodies:

The instrumentation actually available in the Observatory, because of its modest size, allows only observation of objects relatively near to our environment. Hence, in addition to sky surveillance for contributing to the discovery of new near earth objects (NEO and NEA) along with comets (Benkhaldoun et al 2012), the Oukaimeden Observatory has started a collaboration with the teams of the planet studies of the Paris Observatory (IMCCE et IPG), from Toulouse university in France and from the Hassan II university of Casablanca regarding the meteors and meteorites (Chenaoui et al 2012). A school of astrophysics OISA 2009 held in the Oukaimeden, was dedicated to this topic and has resulted in an international cooperation program led on the Moroccan side by professor Benkhaldoun (Baratoux et al 2012).

The OUCA is since then equipped with multiple cameras and GPS systems for meteor trajectory detection on one side, and for impact flash detection (meteorites crash on the moon) on the other side (Daassou et al 2011, Bouley et al 2012). The first PhD thesis in this topic was defended on September 2016 at LPHEA (Mamon Ait Moulay El Arbi)

MOSS Program:

Professor Benkhaldoun has succeeded in convincing a French astronomer to install a telescope dedicated to the discovery of small bodies in the solar system. And by involving a Swiss astronomy association that has provided the dome, the MOSS, Moroccan Oukaimeden Sky Survey, project was born. This program is now a great success and the Oukaimeden, thanks to the MOSS telescope, is graded as the 7th best detector of asteroids and comets worldwide (2016). Four comets, five near earth asteroids and more than 6000 new objects have been detected by this telescope (moss-observatory.org ). With more than a million measurements sent to the Minor Planet Center (MPC) of the International Astronomic Union, the Oukaimeden Observatory has reached in 2017 the 27th rank on the all-time rating of more than 500 observatories listed by this institution.   

RENOIR Program:

The Oukaimeden Observatory has joined the ISWI (International Space Weather Initiative) through the RENOIR@OUCA project, the project being based on a scientific cooperation with a research team from the Illinois University. The aim is to install in the Oukaimeden Observatory, a series of optical and magnetic instruments for the detection of the effects inducted by the sun activity on the ionosphere and magnetosphere. The cooperation agreement was signed under impulse from professor Benkhaldoun in may 2013, and the first publications are now starting to be released (Benkhaldoun et al 2014, Fisher et al, 2015, Kaab et all 2017).

Education by a scientific research:

Professor Benkhaldoun is very engaged in this essential facet for developing a high-quality scientific research. Under his supervision, the first postgraduate course in Astronomy has started on 2000 at the Cadi Ayyad University. Since then, 7 Master classes have been held on that discipline. Many of those laureates have been able to do a thesis in its laboratory and five of them have joined the Oukaimeden Observatory as researchers. He has now eight PhD students under his mentorship.

Since the Oukaimeden Observatory inauguration, Mr. Benkhaldoun and his team decided to organize an international spring each two year. This school has been named OISA for Oukaimeden International School of Astrophysics and is now at its 7th edition (2016). The 2016 OISA edition was English speaking and directed toward Arab World students (FAWSA: First Arab Winter School for Astrophysics).


It’s an aspect toward which professor Benkhaldoun is very keen and in which he is very involved. He has indeed created, with other passionate astronomers, an Astronomy association in Marrakech (3AM) that he has presided for more than 10 years. Each year this organization is holding an Astronomy festival (18th edition in 2017), along other events aimed toward the largest audience (schools and cultural centers animations). With his operations and his expertise, professor Benkhaldoun has helped in creation of a cultural center in Marrakech for which Astronomy is core activity (AGM cultural center).

Two Meter telescope project for Morocco

Professor Benkhaldoun is now working on the realization of a bigger project and that would lead to Morocco having a telescope of 2-meter diameter. With this in mind, an assembly of Moroccan astronomer is under creation and a national committee for Astronomy in Morocco has just been created. Professor Benkhaldoun is elected as president of this committee.

PS: All referenced publications have been authored (or at least co-authored) by professor Benkhaldoun (See publications list)


List of publication:


a-           Publications in indexed revue:


1.     Turner, Oliver D.; Anderson, D. R.; Barkaoui, K.; Bouchy, F.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Brown, D. J. A.; Burdanov, A.; Collier Cameron, A.; Ducrot, E.; Gillon, M.; Hellier, C.; Jehin, E.; Lendl, M.; Maxted, P. F. L.; Nielsen, L. D.; Pepe, F.; Pollacco, D.; Pozuelos, F. J.; Queloz, D.; Ségransan, D.; Smalley, B.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; Udry, S.; West, R. G., « Three hot-Jupiters on the upper edge of the mass-radius distribution: WASP-177, WASP-181, and WASP-183 », Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 485, Issue 4, p.5790-5799. (2019)


2.     Moreno, F.; Jehin, E.; Licandro, J.; Ferrais, M.; Moulane, Y.; Pozuelos, F. J.; Manfroid, J.; DevogŹle, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Moskovitz, N.; Popescu, M.; Serra-Ricart, M.; Cabrera-Lavers, A.; Monelli, M., « Dust properties of double-tailed active asteroid (6478) Gault », Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 624, id.L14, 11 pp. (2019)


3.     Opitom, C.; Hutsemékers, D.; Jehin, E.; Rousselot, P.; Pozuelos, F. J.; Manfroid, J.; Moulane, Y.; Gillon, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z., « High resolution optical spectroscopy of the N2-rich comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS) », Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 624, id.A64, 14 pp. (2019)


4.     Carry, B.; Vachier, F.; Berthier, J.; Marsset, M.; Vernazza, P.; Grice, J.; Merline, W. J.; Lagadec, E.; Fienga, A.; Conrad, A.; Podlewska-Gaca, E.; Santana-Ros, T.; Viikinkoski, M.; Hanuš, J.; Dumas, C.; Drummond, J. D.; Tamblyn, P. M.; Chapman, C. R.; Behrend, R.; Bernasconi, L.; Bartczak, P.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Birlan, M.; Castillo-Rogez, J.; Cipriani, F.; Colas, F.; Drouard, A.; Ďurech, J.; Enke, B. L.; Fauvaud, S.; Ferrais, M.; Fetick, R.; Fusco, T.; Gillon, M.; Jehin, E.; Jorda, L.; Kaasalainen, M.; Keppler, M.; Kryszczynska, A.; Lamy, P.; Marchis, F.; Marciniak, A.; Michalowski, T.; Michel, P.; Pajuelo, M.; Tanga, P.; Vigan, A.; Warner, B.; Witasse, O.; Yang, B.; Zurlo, A., « Homogeneous internal structure of CM-like asteroid (41) Daphne », Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 623, id.A132, 36 pp. (2019)


5.     Guennoun, M.; Vaubaillon, J.; Čapek, D.; Koten, P.; Benkhaldoun, Z, «A robust method to identify meteor showers new parent bodies from the SonotaCo and EDMOND meteoroid orbit databases », Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 622, id.A84, 9 pp. (2019)


6.     Guennoun, M.; Vaubaillon, J.; Capek, D.; Koten, P.; Benkhaldoun, Z., « VizieR Online Data Catalog: Meteor showers new parent bodies (Guennoun+, 2019) », VizieR On-line Data Catalog: J/A+A/622/A84. Originally published in: 2019A&A...622A..84G. (2019)


7.     Barkaoui, K.; Burdanov, A.; Hellier, C.; Gillon, M.; Smalley, B.; Maxted, P. F. L.; Lendl, M.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; Anderson, D. R.; McCormac, J.; Jehin, E.; Almleaky, Y.; Armstrong, D. J.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Bouchy, F.; Brown, D. J. A.; Cameron, A. C.; Daassou, A.; Delrez, L.; Ducrot, E.; Foxell, E.; Murray, C.; Nielsen, L. D.; Pepe, F.; Pollacco, D.; Pozuelos, F. J.; Queloz, D.; Segransan, D.; Udry, S.; Thompson, S.; West, R. G., « Discovery of Three New Transiting Hot Jupiters: WASP-161 b, WASP-163 b, and WASP-170 b », The Astronomical Journal, Volume 157, Issue 2, article id. 43, 10 pp. (2019). (IF5.551).


8.     Moulane, Y.; Jehin, E.; Opitom, C.; Pozuelos, F. J.; Manfroid, J.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Daassou, A.; Gillon, M., « Monitoring of the activity and composition of comets 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresak and 45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova », Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 619, id.A156, 14 pp. (2018). (IF : 5.158)


9.     Vernazza, P.; Brož, M.; Drouard, A.; Hanuš, J.; Viikinkoski, M.; Marsset, M.; Jorda, L.; Fetick, R.; Carry, B.; Marchis, F.; Birlan, M.; Fusco, T.; Santana-Ros, T.; Podlewska-Gaca, E.; Jehin, E.; Ferrais, M.; Bartczak, P.; Dudziński, G.; Berthier, J.; Castillo-Rogez, J.; Cipriani, F.; Colas, F.; Dumas, C.; Ďurech, J.; Kaasalainen, M.; Kryszczynska, A.; Lamy, P.; Le Coroller, H.; Marciniak, A.; Michalowski, T.; Michel, P.; Pajuelo, M.; Tanga, P.; Vachier, F.; Vigan, A.; Warner, B.; Witasse, O.; Yang, B.; Asphaug, E.; Richardson, D. C.; Ševeček, P.; Gillon, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z., « The impact crater at the origin of the Julia family detected with VLT/SPHERE?”, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 618, id.A154, 16 pp. (2018).


10.  Vernazza, P.; …., Benkhaldoun, Z.,  « VizieR Online Data Catalog: (89) Julia images », VizieR On-line Data Catalog: J/A+A/618/A154. Originally published in: 2018A&A...618A.154V, (2018).


11.  Pović, Mirjana; Backes, Michael; Baki, Paul; Baratoux, David; Tessema, Solomon Belay; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Bode, Michael; Klutse, Nana A. Browne; Charles, Phil; Govender, Kevin; van Groningen, Ernst; Jurua, Edward; Mamo, Alemiye; Manxoyi, Sivuyile; McBride, Vanessa; Mimouni, Jamal; Nemaungani, Takalani; Nkundabakura, Pheneas; Okere, Bonaventure; Saad, Somaya; Simpemba, Prospery C.; Walwa, Tefera; Yilma, Abdissa, « Development in astronomy and space science in Africa », Nature Astronomy, Volume 2, p. 507-510, (2018).

12.  Malki, Khalifa; Bounhir, Aziza; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Makela, Jonathan J.; Vilmer, Nicole; Fisher, Daniel J.; Kaab, Mohamed; Elbouyahyaoui, Khaoula; Harding, Brian J.; Laghriyeb, Amine; Daassou, Ahmed; Lazrek, Mohamed, «Ionospheric and thermospheric response to the 27-28 February 2014 geomagnetic storm over north Africa », Annales Geophysicae, Volume 36, Issue 4, 2018, pp.987-998, (2018).


13.  Pozuelos, F. J.; Jehin, E.; Moulane, Y.; Opitom, C.; Manfroid, J.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Gillon, M., “Dust modelling and a dynamical study of comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresak during its 2017 perihelion passage”, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 615, id.A154, 14 pp., (2018)


14.  Moulane, Y.; Mezei, J. Zs.; Laporta, V.; Jehin, E.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Schneider, I. F., “Reactive collision of electrons with CO+ in cometary coma”, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 615, id.A53, 8 pp, (2018).

15.  Benkhaldoun, Zouhair, “Peering into space with the Morocco Oukaēmeden Observatory”, Nature Astronomy, Volume 2, p. 352-354, (2018).

16.  Boyajian, Tabetha. S.; Alonso, Roi; Ammerman, Alex; Armstrong, David; Asensio Ramos, A.; Barkaoui, K.; Beatty, Thomas G.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; et al, « The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852 », The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Volume 853, Issue 1, article id. L8, 14 pp. (2018), (IF : 5.158).

17.  Van Grootel, Valérie; Fernandes, Catarina S.; Gillon, Michael; Jehin, Emmanuel; Manfroid, Jean; Scuflaire, Richard; Burgasser, Adam J.; Barkaoui, Khalid; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; et al, « Stellar Parameters for Trappist-1 », The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 853, Issue 1, article id. 30, 7 pp. (2018), (IF : 6.063).

18.  Dias-Oliveira, A., …., Benkhaldoun Z., …. A. Daassou, … et al et al, Study of the Plutino Object (208996) 2003 AZ84 from Stellar Occultations: Size, Shape, and Topographic Features, The Astronomical Journal, Volume 154, Issue 1, article id. 22, 13 pp. (2017), (IF : 3.773).

19.  Luger, Rodrigo; Sestovic, Marko; Kruse, Ethan; Grimm, Simon L.; Demory, Brice-Olivier; Agol, Eric; Bolmont, Emeline; Fabrycky, Daniel; Fernandes, Catarina S.; Van Grootel, Valérie; Burgasser, Adam; Gillon, MichaĎl; Ingalls, James G.; Jehin, EmmanuĎl; Raymond, Sean N.; Selsis, Franck; Triaud, Amaury H. M. J.; Barclay, Thomas; Barentsen, Geert; Howell, Steve B.; Delrez, Laetitia; de Wit, Julien; Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Holdsworth, Daniel L.; Leconte, Jérémy; Lederer, Susan; Turbet, Martin; Almleaky, Yaseen; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Magain, Pierre; Morris, Brett M.; Heng, Kevin; Queloz, Didier, A seven-planet resonant chain in TRAPPIST-1, Nature Astronomy, Volume 1, id. 0129 (2017).

20.  MichaĎl Gillon, Amaury H. M. J. Triaud, Brice-Olivier Demory, EmmanuĎl Jehin, Eric Agol, Katherine, Jeremy Leconte, Sean N. Raymond, Franck Selsis, Martin Turbet, Khalid Barkaoui, Adam Burgasser, Matthew R. Burleigh, Sean J. Carey, Aleksander Chaushev, Chris M. Copperwheat, Laetitia Delrez, Catarina S. Fernandes, Daniel L. Holdsworth, Enrico J. Kotze, Valérie Van Grootel, Yaseen Almleaky, Zouhair Benkhaldoun, Pierre Magain & Didier Queloz, « Seven temperate terrestrial planets around the nearby ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 », Nature 542, 456–460 (23 February 2017), (Impact Factor: 42,351).

21.  Mohamed Kaab, Zouhair Benkhaldoun, Daniel J. Fisher, Brian Harding, Aziza Bounhir, Jonathan J. Makela, Amine Laghriyeb, Khalifa Malki, Ahmed Daassou, and Mohamed Lazrek, « Climatology of thermospheric neutral winds over Oukaēmeden Observatory in Morocco », Ann. Geophys., 35, 161–170, 2017, (Impact factor: 1.050)

22.  Ziad, T. Elhalkouj, R. G. Petrov, J. Borgnino, M. Lazrek, Z. Benkhaldoun, F. Martin, and Y. Elazhari, « First statistics of the isopistonic angle for long baseline interferometry », MNRAS, 458, 4044–4051 (2016),(Impact Factor: 4,952)

23.  D. Gillet, F. L. Sefyani, A. Benhida, N. Fabas, P. Mathias, Z. Benkhaldoun and A. Daassou, « A helium P-Cygni profile in RR Lyrae stars? »  Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 587, id.A134, 5 pp, 2016, (Impact Factor: 5,185)

24.  Fisher, Daniel J.; Makela, Jonathan J.; Meriwether, John W.; Buriti, Ricardo A.; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Kaab, Mohamed; Lagheryeb, Amine ; « Climatologies of nighttime thermospheric winds and temperatures from Fabry-Perot interferometer measurements: From solar minimum to solar maximum », Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Volume 120, Issue 8, pp. 6679-6693., 2016 (Impact Factor: 3,44)

25.  Ait Moulay Larbi, Mamoun; Daassou, Ahmed; Baratoux, David; Bouley, Sylvain; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Lazrek, Mohamed; Garcia, Raphael; Colas, Francois, « First Lunar Flashes Observed from Morocco (ILIAD Network): Implications for Lunar Seismology », Earth, Moon, and Planets, Volume 115, Issue 1-4, pp. 1-21, 2015 (Impact Factor: 0,67 )

26.  Daassou, Z. Benkhaldoun, Y Elazhari and Ait Moulay M Larbi. « An analytical model for the 0.33 - 7.85 micron transmission spectrum of HD189733b : Effect of stellar spots », International Journal of Computer Applications 107(10):1-8, December 2014. (Impact Factor: 0.82)

27.  Varela, Antonia M.; Vázquez Ramió, Héctor; Vernin, Jean; MuĖoz-TuĖón, Casiana; Sarazin, Marc; Trinquet, Hervé; Delgado, José Miguel; Jiménez Fuensalida, Jesús; Reyes, Marcos; Benhida, Abdelmajid; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; García Lambas, Diego; Hach, Youssef; Lazrek, Mohamed; Lombardi, Gianluca; Navarrete, Julio; Recabarren, Pablo; Renzi, Victor; Sabil, Mohammed; Vrech, Rubén, « European Extremely Large Telescope Site Characterization III: Ground Meteorology »,  Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Volume 126, issue 938, pp.412-431, 2014. (Impact Factor: 3.225)

28.  T Elhalkouj, M Sabil, A Habib, Z Benkhaldoun, My.y. Elazhari, M Lazrek, O Azagrouze, « European Extremely Large Telescope: Isopistonic Angle Measurements at Aklim Site », International Journal of Computer Applications. 08/2014; 99(5):1-4. DOI: 10.5120/17366-7889. (Impact Factor: 0.82)

29.  Habib Abdelfetah, Benkhaldoun Zouhair, El Azhari Youssef, « Numerical simulations of a new approach for seeing measurement », Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 434, Issue 1, p.742-747, 2013  (Impact Factor: 4.90)

30.  Rudawska, Regina; Daassou, Ahmed; Ait Moulay Larbi, Mamoun; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Vaubaillon, Jeremie; Colas, Francois; Baratoux, David; Bouley, Sylvain, « Birth of meteor network in Morocco - Analysis for the 2012 Geminids », WGN, Journal of the International Meteor Organization, vol. 41, no. 4, p. 121-128, 2013.

31.  Vázquez Ramió, Héctor; Vernin, Jean; MuĖoz-TuĖón, Casiana; Sarazin, Marc; Varela, Antonia M.; Trinquet, Hervé; Delgado, José Miguel; Fuensalida, Jesús J.; Reyes, Marcos; Benhida, Abdelmajid; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Lambas, Diego García; Hach, Youssef; Lazrek, M.; Lombardi, Gianluca; Navarrete, Julio; Recabarren, Pablo; Renzi, Victor; Sabil, Mohammed; Vrech, Rubén. « European Extremely Large Telescope Site Characterization. II. High Angular Resolution Parameters », Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Volume 124, issue 918, pp.868-884, 2012.  (Impact Factor: 3.69)

32.  S. Bouley, D. Baratoux, J. Vaubaillon, A. Mocquet, M. Le Feuvre, F. Colas, Z. Benkhaldoun, A. Daassou, M. Sabil, P. Lognonné, « Power and duration of impact flashes on the Moon: Implication for the cause of radiation », Icarus, Volume 218, Issue 1, Pages 115-124., 2012. (Impact Factor: 3.16)

33.  Hach, Y.; Jabiri, A.; Ziad, A.; Bounhir, A.; Sabil, M.; Abahamid, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z. « Meteorological profiles and optical turbulence in the free atmosphere with NCEP/NCAR data at Oukaēmeden - I. Meteorological parameters analysis and tropospheric wind regimes »,  Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 420, Issue 1, pp. 637-650, 2012. ((Impact Factor: 5.52)

34.  Vernin, Jean; MuĖoz-TuĖón, Casiana; Sarazin, Marc; Vázquez Ramió, Héctor; Varela, Antonia M.; Trinquet, Hervé; Delgado, José Miguel; Jiménez Fuensalida, Jesús; Reyes, Marcos; Benhida, Abdelmajid; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; García Lambas, Diego; Hach, Youssef; Lazrek, M.; Lombardi, Gianluca; Navarrete, Julio; Recabarren, Pablo; Renzi, Victor; Sabil, Mohammed; Vrech, Rubén, « European Extremely Large Telescope Site Characterization I: Overview »,
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Volume 123, issue 909, pp.1334-1346, 2011. (Impact Factor: 3.69)

35.  Hach, Y., Abahamid, A.,  Sabil, M., Benhida, A.,  Benkhaldoun, Z.,  Habib, A.,  Elazhari, Y., « Cross-calibration of DIMM monitors at Oukaimden observatory and Marrakesh site », Experimental Astronomy, Volume 28, Issue 2-3, pp. 87-99,  2010. (Impact Factor: 2.97)

36.  M. Sabil, Z. Benkhaldoun, M. Lazrek, A. Benhida, Y. Hach,  A. Habib, A. Bounhir, « First characterization of Jbel Aklim in Moroccan Anti-Atlas as a potential site for the E-ELT », Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 522, id.A69,  2010. (Impact Factor: 5.08)

37.  Habib, A.; Azagrouze, O.; El Azhari, Y.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Lazrek, M., « Circular aperture interferometric apodization using homothety - I. Simulation results », Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 406, Issue 4, pp. 2743-2748, 2010. (Impact Factor: 5.52)

38.  Bounhir, A.; Benkhaldoun Z.,; Carrasco, E.; Sarazin, M. « High-altitude wind velocity at Oukaimeden observatory»,  Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 398, Issue 2, pp. 862-872, 2009. (Impact Factor: 5.52)

39.  Habib, M. Sabil, Z. Benkhaldoun, Y. El Azhari, «Interferential Seeing Monitor», Astronomy&Astrophysics, 482, 365-370, 2008. (Impact Factor: 5.08)

40.  T. Elhalkouj, R.G. Petrov, A. Ziad, M. Lazrek, Y. Elazhari, Z. Benkhaldoun,  «Isopistonic angle for multi-aperture interferometers from isoplanatic angle»,  Astronomy&Astrophysics revue.  Volume 477, Issue 1,  pp.337-344, 2008. (Impact Factor: 5.08)

41.  Bounhir, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Mougenot, B.; Sarazin, M.; Siher, E.; Masmoudi, L. ; « Aerosol columnar characterization in Morocco: ELT prospect», New Astronomy, Volume 13, Issue 1, p. 41-52. 2008. (Impact Factor: 1.85)

42.  Habib A., Vernin J., Benkhaldoun Z. and H. Lanteri, “Single Star Scidar: Atmospheric Parameters Profiling Using The Simulated Annealing Algorithm” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368, 1456–1462 2006. (Impact Factor: 5.52)

43.  Benkhaldoun, Z.; Abahamid, A.; El Azhari, Y.; Lazrek, M., «Optical seeing monitoring at the Oukaēmeden in the Moroccan high Atlas mountains: first statistics », Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 441, Issue 2,  pp.839-843, 2005. (Impact Factor: 5.08)

44.  Habib A., Vernin J., Benkhaldoun Z., «Application de la technique du SCIDAR généralisé aux étoiles simples»,   C. R. Physique (CRAS), v6, 385-392, 2005. (Impact Factor: 1.82)

45.  Abahamid, A.; Vernin, J.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Jabiri, A.; Azouit, M.; Agabi, A., « Seeing, outer scale of optical turbulence, and coherence outer scale at different astronomical sites using instruments on meteorological balloons », Astronomy and Astrophysics, v.422, p.1123-1127, 2004. (Impact Factor: 5.08)

46.  Siher, E. A.; Benkhaldoun, Z. "Study of the clear time behavior on Oukameden observatory using the IRIS database", New Astronomy, Volume 9, Issue 4, p. 291-295., 2004. (Impact Factor: 1.85)

47.  Abahamid, A.; Jabiri, A.; Vernin, J.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Azouit, M.; Agabi, A., « Optical turbulence modeling in the boundary layer and free atmosphere using instrumented meteorological balloons », Astronomy and Astrophysics, v.416, p.1193-1200, 2004. (Impact Factor: 5.08)

48.  Siher, E. A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Fossat, E., “Diurnal Atmospheric Extinction Over Oukaēmeden Observatory using IRIS Database: 1989 1997. Comparison With The Other IRIS Sites”, Experimental Astronomy, v. 13, Issue 3, p. 159-170, 2002 (Impact Factor: 2.97)

49.  Ziad  , A. Jabiri  , Z. Benkhaldoun  , F. Martin 1 , R. Conan, M. Lazrek, and J. Borgnino : "The first optical characterization of the Oukaimeden site with the Generalised Seeing Monitor (GSM)", Atronomy &Astrophysics 365, 324-329 2001. (Impact Factor: 5.08)

50.  Jabiri,  Z. Benkhaldoun,  J. Vernin, , C. Munoz-Tunon:  “ A meteorological and photometric study of the Oukaimeden site-, Comparison with ORM Carlsberg Instrument ” Astronomy &Astrophysics Suppl. Ser. 147, 271-284 2000. (Impact Factor: 5.08)

51.  Benkhaldoun,Z, J. Vernin, A. Jabiri. " Attempt to asses an astronomical seeing using a model forecast” Astrophysics and Space Science 239: 237-245, 1996. (Impact Factor: 2.06)

52.  Franck H., Benkhaldoun, Z and the team, "The Global Oscillation Network Group Site Survey" II. Results. Solar Physics 152: 351-379, 1994. (Impact Factor: 3.26)

53.  Benkhaldoun, Z.,Kadiri, S., Lazrek M., and Vernin J.," A simple flux integration photometer for day time site testing at Oukaimeden" . Experimental Astronomy 2: 345-356, 1993. (Impact Factor: 2.97)

54.  Benkhaldoun, Z., S. Kadiri, M. Lazrek, H. Touma. "Moroccan participation in the study of solar oscillations". Solar Physics, vol. 133, p. 61-64 1991. (Impact Factor: 3)

55.  Z. Benkhaldoun, M. Gambino, G. Hatem, J.P. Bros, M. Gaune-Escard, “Etude thermodynamique des systŹmes MCl-BiCl3 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb) : II. Température, enthalpie de fusion et capacité calorifique des composés définis.”, J. Cal. Anal. Therm. XVII., 1986, 284-295

56.  Z. Benkhaldoun, G. Hatem, M. Gaune-Escard, “Etude thermodynamique des systŹmes Mcl-BiCl3 (M=Li,Na,K,Rb)” J. Cal. Anal. Therm. XVII , 1986,  134-145

57.  Z. Benkhaldoun, G. Hatem, M. Gaune-Escard, “Difficultés expérimentales rencontrées dans la détermination des enthalpies de mélange de sels fondus trŹs réactifs. », J. Cal. Anal. Therm. XVI, 432, 1985.


b- Publications in non indexed journals

1.     Jonathan J. Makela, Benkhaldoun Zouhair, « Installation of RENOIR at the Oukaēmeden Observatory, Morocco », VarSITI. 07/2014; 2:3-4.

2.     Bounhir, Z, Benkhaldoun, E. Siher ; “Characterization of the South Moroccan atmosphere by use of the sunphotometric techniques and satellite measurements”; Physical and Chemical News, 47, 01-12. 2009.

3.     Bounhir, E. Siher, Z. Benkhaldoun; “Corrélation entre des mesures au sol d’épaisseur optique des aérosols et des mesures satellitaires TOMS Earth Probe d’indice en aérosol sur la région de Marrakech”; African Journal of Mathematical Physics; Vol 3 No 1, 197-205, 2006.

4.     F. Querci, S. Kadiri, Z. Benkhaldoun, « Network of Oriental Robotic Telescopes », Robotic Telescope Vol. 79, p: 239-241, 1995.


c- Books and thesis:

1.     J. Vernin, Z. Benkhaldoun, and C. Muoz-Tu, Astronomical Site Evaluation in the Visible and Radio Range. ASP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 266. ISBN: 1-58381-106-0. San Francisco, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2002.

2.     Benkhaldoun, Z., ThŹse es-science physique. «Un Observatoire Astronomique au Maroc: Choix et qualification Diurne du site de l’Oukaimeden, Validation d’un modŹle de prévision du Seeing Nocturne», Université Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, 1994.

3.     Z. Benkhaldoun, « Etude des propriétés thermodynamiques des mélanges BiCl3-MCl (avec M = Li, Na, K, Rb) », ThŹse de 3e cycle, Aix-Marseille 1 France, 1985.


d-Published in proceedings:

1.     Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Suleiman, Raid M.; Moumen, Ismael; Al-Rabban, Moza M.; Asa'd, Randa, « The Arab Astronomical Society (ArAS): Developing Astrophysics Research in the Arab World », Under One Sky: The IAU Centenary Symposium. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, Volume 349, pp. 256-259.


2.     Pozuelos Romero, Francisco J.; Jehin, Emmanuel; Moulane, Youssef; Opitom, Cyrielle; Manfroid, Jean; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Gillon, Michael, « On the dust properties and dynamical evolution of the near- Earth Jupiter family comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresak », European Planetary Science Congress 2018, held 16-21 September 2018 at TU Berlin, Berlin, Germany, id.EPSC2018-104.


3.     Moulane, Youssef; Jehin, Emmanuel; José Pozuelos, Francisco; Opitom, Cyrielle; Manfroid, Jean; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Daassou, Ahmed; Gillon, Michael, « TRAPPIST monitoring of the activity and composition of the small near-Earth Jupiter Family Comets : 41P and 252P », European Planetary Science Congress 2018, held 16-21 September 2018 at TU Berlin, Berlin, Germany, id.EPSC2018-156.


4.     Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khalifa, Malki; Bounhir, Aziza; Vilmer, Nicole; El Bouyahyaoui, Khaoula; Kaab, Mohamed; Lagheryeb, Amine; Daassou, Ahmed         , « The Space Weather through a Multidisciplinary Scientific Approach », Space Weather of the Heliosphere: Processes and Forecasts, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 335, pp. 280-283 (2018).


5.     El Bouyahyaoui, Khaoula; Bounhir, Aziza; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Fleury, Rolland; Amory-Mazaudier, Christine; Kaab, Mohamed « Variability of the Vertical Total Electron Content, from GPS data, during 2 to 8 November 2015, Using Oukaimeden and Rabat Stations in Morocco », Space Weather of the Heliosphere: Processes and Forecasts, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 335, pp. 159-161. (2018).

6.     Bounhir, Aziza; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Makela, Jonathan J.; Kaab, Mohamed; Harding, Brian; Fisher, Daniel J.; Lagheryeb, Amine; Khalifa, Malki; Elbouyahyaoui, Khaoula; Lazrek, Mohamed; Daassou, Ahmed, « Thermospheric Dynamics in Quiet and Disturbed Conditions », Space Weather of the Heliosphere: Processes and Forecasts, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 335, pp. 151-158, (2018).

7.     Delrez, Laetitia; Gillon, MichaĎl.; Queloz, Didier; Demory, Brice-Olivier; Almleaky, Yaseen; de Wit, Julien; Jehin, EmmanuĎl.; Triaud, Amaury H. M. J.; Barkaoui, Khalid; Burdanov, Artem; Burgasser, Adam J.; Ducrot, Elsa; McCormac, James; Murray, Catriona; Silva Fernandes, Catarina; Sohy, Sandrine; Thompson, Samantha J.; Van Grootel, Valérie; Alonso, Roi; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Rebolo, Rafae, « SPECULOOS: a network of robotic telescopes to hunt for terrestrial planets around the nearest ultracool dwarfs », Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 10700, id. 107001I 21 pp. (2018)

8.     Sefyani, F. L.; Benhida, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; De France, T.; Gillet, D.; Mathias, P.; Daassou, A.; El Youssoufi, D.; El Jariri, Y.; Chafouai, K. « Behavior of the Doubling of Metal Lines as Function of the Blazhko Phase in the Spectra of RR Lyr », Proceedings of the Polish Astronomical Society, Vol. 6. Edited by R. Smolec, K. Kinemuchi, and R.I. Anderson, ISBN 978-83-938279-9-2, pp.316-318, (2018).

9.     Benhida, A.; Sefyani, F. L.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; El Youssoufi, D.; De France, T.; Gillet, D.; Mathias, P.; Chafouai, K.; El Jariri, Y.; Daassou, A. « RR Lyr Spectrophotometric Campaign from Oukaimeden Observatory », Proceedings of the Polish Astronomical Society, Vol. 6. Edited by R. Smolec, K. Kinemuchi, and R.I. Anderson, ISBN 978-83-938279-9-2, pp.279-281, (2018).


10.  Baratoux, D.; Chennaoui-Aoudjehane, H.; Gibson, R.; Lamali, A.; Reimold, W. U.; Selorm Sepah, M.; Chabou, M. C.; Habarulema, J. B.; Jessell, M.; Mogessie, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Nkhonjera, E.; Mukosi, N. C.; Kaire, M.; Rochette, P.; Sickafoose, A.; Martínez-Frías, J.; Hofmann, A.; Folco, L.; Rossi, A. P.; Faye, G.; Kolenberg, K.; Tekle, K.; Belhai, D.; Elyajouri, M.; Koeberl, C.; Abdeem, M., « The Africa Initiative for Planetary and Space Sciences », American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2017, abstract #ED23B-0294, (2017).


11.  Chennaoui Aoudjehane, H.; Baratoux, D.; Gibson, R.; Lamali, A.; Reimold, W. U.; Selrom Sapah, M.; Chabou, M. C.; Bosco Habarulema, J.; Jessell, M. W.; Mogessie, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Nkhonjera, E.; Mukosi, N. C.; Kaire, M.; Rochette, P.; Sickafose, A.; Martinez-Frias, J.; Folco, L.; Pio Rossi, A.; Faye, G.; Kolenberg, K.; Tekle, K.; Belhai, D.; Elyajouri, M.; Koberl, C.; Abde, M. M, « Africa Initiative for Planetary and Space Sciences », 80th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held July 23-28, 2017 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. LPI Contribution No., 1987, id.6396, (2017).

12.  Sefyani, F. L.; Benhida, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; De France, T.; Gillet, D.; Mathias, P.; Lazrek, M.; Eljariri, Y.; Chafouai, K.; Daassou, A., « Metallic line doubling in the spectra of the variable RR Lyrae star »,  Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 869, Issue 1, article id. 012088 (2017).

13.  Moulane, Y.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Jehin, E.; Opitom, C.; Gillon, M.; Daassou, A., Monitoring of comets activity and composition with the TRAPPIST-North telescope, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 869, Issue 1, article id. 012079 (2017).

14.  Barkaoui, K.; Gillon, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Emmanuel, J.; Elhalkouj, T.; Daassou, A.; Burdanov, A.; Delrez, L., Assessment of the potential of the new Belgo-Moroccan telescope TRAPPIST-North for high-precision exoplanet transit photometry, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 869, Issue 1, article id. 012073 (2017).

15.  Fisher, D. J.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Buriti, R.; Castelaz, M.; Ciocca, M.; Harding, B. J.; Makela, J. J.; Meriwether, J. W.; Mesquita, R.; Ridley, A. J.; Sanders, S., « The Dependencies of Annular Variations in the Nighttime Thermospheric Neutral Winds », American Geophysical Union, Fall General Assembly 2016, abstract id.SA53A-2439, (2016)

16.  Dias-Oliveira, Alex; Sicardy, at al, «2003 AZ84: Size, shape, albedo and first detection of topographic features », American Astronomical Society, DPS meeting #48, id.106.09, 2016.

17.  Petrov, Romain G.; Boskri, Abdelkarim; Bresson, Yves; Agabi, Karim; Folcher, Jean-Pierre; Elhalkouj, Thami; Lagarde, Stephane; Benkhaldoum, Zouhair, « Hierarchical fringe tracker to co-phase and coherence very large optical interferometers », Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 9907, id. 99071F 10 pp. (2016)

18.  Guennoun, M.; Breton, M.-A.; Rambaux, N.; Vaubaillon, J.; Benkhaldoun, Z., « Synthetic spectra of meteors », Proceedings of the International Meteor Conference, Egmond, the Netherlands, 2-5 June 2016, Eds.: Roggemans, A.; Roggemans, P., ISBN 978-2-87355-030-1, pp. 91-93,

19.  Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Moon, Hong-Kyu; Daassou, Ahmed; Park, Jang-Hyun; Lazrek, Mohamed, « From Asteroids to Space Debris », Asteroids: New Observations, New Models, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 318, pp. 324-326, (2016).

20.  Ait Moulay Larbi, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Baratoux, D.; Daassou, A.; Bouley, S., Lunar impact flashes: Results from 56 hours of video survey data observed by using one telescope, European Planetary Science Congress 2015, held 27 September - 2 October, 2015 in Nantes, France.

21.  Boskri, Abdelkarim; Petrov, Romain; El Halkouj, Thami; Lazrek, Mohamed; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Folcher, Jean Pierre, Hierarchical FringeTracking to increase sensitivity of optical long baseline interferometers, American Astronomical Society, IAU General Assembly, Meeting #29, id.2258282.

22.  Sefyani Lakrizi, Fouad; Benhida, Abdelmjid; Gillet, Denis; Mathias, phillipe; de France, Thibault; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Lazrek, Mohamed; Daassou, Ahmed, Metallic Line Doubling and van hoof Effect in the Spectra of the Variable Star RR Lyrae, IAU General Assembly, American Astronomical Society, Meeting #29, id.2255704.

23.  Benhida, Abdelmjid; sefyani, Fouad; de France, Thibault; Elashab, Sana; Zohra Belharcha, fatim; Gillet, Denis; Mathias, phillipe; Daassou, Ahmed; Lazrek, Mohamed; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair, Spectrophotometry of pulsating stars at Oukaimeden Observatory in Morocco, American Astronomical Society, IAU General Assembly, Meeting #29, id.2255704.

24.  Lagheryeb, Amine; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Makela, Jonathan J.; Harding, Brian; Kaab, Mohamed; Lazrek, Mohamed; Fisher, Daniel J.; Duly, Timothy M.; Bounhir, Aziza; Daassou, Ahmed, Measuring the equatorial plasma bubble drift velocities over Morroco, IAU General Assembly, Meeting #29, id.2251778, 2015: American Astronomical Society.

25.  Bounhir, Aziza; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Kaab, Mohamed; Makela, Jonathan J.; Harding, Brian; Fisher, Daniel J.; Lagheryeb, Amine; Khalifa, Malki; Lazrek, Mohamed; Daassou, Ahmed, Thermospheric nighttime wind and temperature analysis from some 2014 stormy nights monitored at Oukaimeden Observatory by RENOIR instrument, IAU General Assembly, Meeting #29, id.2251702, 2015: American Astronomical Society.

26.  Khalifa, Malki; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Vilmer, Nicole; Bounhir, Aziza; Makela, Jonathan J.; Kaab, Mohamed; Lagheryeb, Amine, Ionspheric and thermospheric response to the 27-28 February 2014 geomagnetic storm, IAU General Assembly, Meeting #29, id.2251685, American Astronomical Society.

27.  Kaab, Mohamed; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Fisher, Daniel J.; Harding, Brian; Makela, Jonathan J.; Bounhir, Aziza; Lazrek, Mohamed; Lagheryeb, Amine; Daassou, Ahmed; Khalifa, Malki, First Thermospheric Winds and Neutral Temperatures statistics Over Oukaimeden Observatory, IAU General Assembly, Meeting #29, id.2229535, 2015: American Astronomical Society


28.  Benkhaldoun, Zouhair, A project of a two meter telescope in North Africa, Highlights of Astronomy, Volume 16, pp. 558-558, 2015: Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2015.

29.  Zouhair Benkhaldoun (2012). A project of a two meter telescope in North Africa. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, 10, pp 558-558. doi:10.1017/S1743921314012137.

30.  Meryem Guennoun, Zouhair Benkhaldoun, Jérémie Vaubaillon, « Meteor observations from double station in Morocco », Proceedings of the IMC, Giron, 2014; 11/2014

31.  Romain G. Petrov, Thami Elhalkouj, Abdelkarim Boskri, Jean-Pierre Folcher, Stéphane Lagarde, Yves Bresson, Zouhair Benkhaldoun, Mohamed Lazrek, Suvendu Rakshit, « Hierarchical fringe tracking », SPIE 9146, Optical and Infrared Interferometry, Montréal, Quebec, Canada; 06/2014.

32.  Mraini, Kamilia; Jabiri, Abdelhadi; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Bounhir, Aziza; Hach, Youssef; Sabil, Mohammed; Habib, Abdelfettah, « The OTP-model applied to the Aklim site database », Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 9150, id. 91501X 6 pp. (2014).

33.  Sabil, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Lazrek, M.; Habib, A.; Benhida, A.; Hach, Y.; Elazhari, Y.; Elhalkouj, T., « E-ELT seeing and isoplanatic angle: comparison of Aklim site and El Roque de Los Muchachos Observatory », Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 9145, id. 91453F 8 pp. (2014).

34.  M. Sabil, Z. Benkhaldoun, M. Lazrek, A. Habib, Y. Hach, A. Benhida, A. Jabiri, Y. Elazhari, « Astroclimate at Jbel Aklim site in Moroccan anti-atlas: 2008-2010 seeing and isoplanatic angle statistics from the E-ELT site testing data », SPIE 9145, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes,, Montréal, Quebec, Canada; 06/2014; 06/2014.

35.  Benkhaldoun, Z., Makela, J.~J., Meriwether, J.~W., « Solar initiative at Oukaimeden Observatory », Solar and Astrophysical Dynamos and Magnetic Activity, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 294, pp. 479-480, 2013.

36.  Moulay Larbi, M. Ait; Daassou, A.; Bouley, S.; Baratoux, D.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Lazrek, M., « First lunar flashes detected from Morocco at AGM observatory of Marrakech », European Planetary Science Congress 2013, held 8-13 September in London, UK. Online at: http://meetings.copernicus.org/epsc2013, id.EPSC2013-333

37.  Ait Moulay Larbi, E.; Bouley, S.; Dassou, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Baratoux, D.; Lazrek, M., « Birth of the International Lunar Impact Astronomical Detection (ILIAD) network : first detections in Morocco », American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2013, abstract #P41F-1978.

38.  Braga Ribas, Felipe; Sicardy, B.; Ortiz, J. L.; Duffard, R.; Camargo, J. I. B.; Lecacheux, J.; Colas, F.; Vachier, F.; Tanga, P.; Sposetti, S.; Brosch, N.; Kaspi, S.; Manulis, I.; Baug, T.; Chandrasekhar, T.; Ganesh, S.; Jain, J.; Mohan, V.; Sharma, A.; Garcia-Lozano, R.; Klotz, A.; Frappa, E.; Jehin, E.; Assafin, M.; Vieira Martins, R.; Behrend, R.; Roques, F.; Widemann, T.; Morales, N.; Thirouin, A.; Mahasena, P.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Daassou, A.; Rinner, C.; Ofek, E. O., « Stellar Occultations by Large TNOs on 2012: The February 3rd by (208996) 2003 AZ84, and the February 17th by (50000) Quaoar », American Astronomical Society, DPS meeting #44, #402.0, 2012.

39.  Chennaoui Aoudjehane, H.; Larouci, N.; Baratoux, D.; Jambon, A.; Colas, F.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Bouley, S.; Vaubaillon, J.; Laroussi, A.; Makhoukhi, S., « Meteors and Meteorite Recovery in Morocco », Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 2012, Proceedings of the conference held May 16-20, 2012 in Niigata, Japan. LPI Contribution No. 1667, id.6254, 2012.

40.  Benkhaldoun, Z.; Rinner, C.; Ory, M.; Daassou, A.; Colas, F.,  « The Morocco Oukaimeden Sky Survey, the MOSS Telescope », Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 2012, Proceedings of the conference held May 16-20, 2012 in Niigata, Japan. LPI Contribution No. 1667, id.6182

41.  Baratoux, D.; Chennaoui-Aoudjehane, H.; Colas, F.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Jambon, A.; Leroy, A.; Lognonné, P.; Azagrouze, O.; Ait Moulay Larbi, M.; Bouley, S.; Bounhir, A.; Calvet, M.; Chaabout, S.; Chevrel, S.; Daassou, A.; Garcia, R.; Habib, A.; Jabiri, A.; Larouci, N.; Pinet, P.; Sabil, M.; Vaubaillon, J., « A French-Morrocon Project for the Studies of Impact Processes on the Earth and the Moon », Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 2012, Proceedings of the conference held May 16-20, 2012 in Niigata, Japan. LPI Contribution No. 1667, id.6038, 2012.

42.  Daassou, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Bouley, S.; Baratoux, D.; Vaubaillon, J.; Sabil, M.; Colas, F., « Joint observations of Lunar impact flashes »,  EPSC-DPS Joint Meeting 2011, held 2-7 October 2011 in Nantes, France, p.282, 2011.

43.  Azagrouze, O.; Habib, A.; El Azhari, Y.; Lazrek, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z., « Circular Aperture Interferometric Homothetic Apodization » (CAIHA), Proceedings of the conference In the Spirit of Lyot 2010: Direct Detection of Exoplanets and Circumstellar Disks. October 25 - 29, 2010. University of Paris Diderot, Paris, France. Edited by Anthony Boccaletti.

44.  Sabil, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Habib, A.; Michel, O., « Astrometry observations of asteroids at Oukaimeden Observatory (J43) », Proceedings of the conference In the Spirit of Lyot 2010: Direct Detection of Exoplanets and Circumstellar Disks. October 25 - 29, 2010. University of Paris Diderot, Paris, France. Edited by Anthony Boccaletti.

45.  Daassou, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Elazhari, Y., « State of the art on the detection of exoplanets by the transit method with small instruments », Proceedings of the conference In the Spirit of Lyot 2010: Direct Detection of Exoplanets and Circumstellar Disks. October 25 - 29, 2010. University of Paris Diderot, Paris, France. Edited by Anthony Boccaletti.

46.  O. Azagrouze, A. Habib, Y. Elazhari,  Benkhaldoun, Z., and M. Lazrek, « Homothetic apodization of circular aperture HACA: simulation results »,  Proc. SPIE 7734, 77343I (2010)

47.  A. Daassou, Benkhaldoun, Z., Y. Elazhari, and M. Sabil, « Oukaimeden Observatory: detection of exoplanet HD 189733b by the transit method », Proc. SPIE 7735, 77358A (2010)

48.  A. Benhida, Benkhaldoun, Z., M. Sabil, Y. Hach, M. Lazrek, and A. Habib, « First characterization of Jbel Aklim in Moroccan Anti-Atlas as a potential site for the E-ELT », Proc. SPIE 7733, 77331O (2010).

49.  Y. Hach, M. Sabil, Benkhaldoun, Z., A. Benhida, A. Jabiri, A. Habib, A. Abahamid, and A. Bounhir, « Meteorological parameters analysis above Oukaimeden Observatory using NCEP/NCAR data » , Proc. SPIE 7733, 77334R (2010).

50.  Sabil M., Elhalkouj T., Habib A., Benkhaldoun Z., El Azhari Y.,  « E-ELT: Isopistonic and isoplanatic angles at Aklim candidate site », Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7733, 77334S (2010).

51.  Benkhaldoun Z.; Hach, Y., « Influence of instrumental noise and defocus on the DIMM », Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy II. Edited by McLean, Ian S.; Casali, Mark M. Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 7014, pp. 70147D-70147D-7 (2008).

52.  Bounhir, A. , Benkhaldoun,  Sarazin, M., « Meteorological study of Aklim site in Morocco », Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems II. Edited by Brissenden, Roger J.; Silva, David R. Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 7016, pp. 701621-701621-10 (2008)

53.  Benkhaldoun, Z.; Habib, A.; Sabil, M.; El Azhari, Y.; El Halkouj, T.; Azagrouze, O., « Interferential seeing monitor », Optical and Infrared Interferometry. Edited by Schöller, Markus; Danchi, William C.; Delplancke, Franćoise. Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 7013, pp. 70134I-70134I-8 (2008).

54.  Bounhir, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Sarazin, M., « Aerosol characterization of Morocco with AERONET and intercomparison with satellite data: TOMS, MODIS, and MISR », Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XII. Edited by Comerón, Adolfo; Picard, Richard H.; Schäfer, Klaus; Slusser, James R.; Amodeo, Aldo. Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 6745, pp. 674506 (2007).

55.  Bounhir, A., Benkhaldoun, Z.  « Effect of altitude on aerosol optical properties » IAU Special Session 5, Astronomy for the Developing World. 26th meeting of the IAU, held 21-22 August, 2006 in Prague, Czech Republic. Edited by J.B. Hearnshaw and P. Martinez. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007., pp.111-114.

56.  Siher, E. A.; Benkhaldoun, Z. ; Bounhir, A. «Astronomical Extinction Over The ELT Moroccan Sites From Aerosol Satellite Data »  IAU Special Session #5, Astronomy for the Developing World. 26th meeting of the IAU, held 21-22 August, 2006 in Prague, Czech Republic. Edited by J.B. Hearnshaw and P. Martinez. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,  pp.107-110 2007.

57.  Benkhaldoun, Z.; Hach, Y, « The seeing monitors: Instrumental noise and cross-calibration », in proceeding of Symposium On Seeing, 20 - 22 March 2007, Kona, Hawaii, USA, p22.

58.  Bounhir, Aziza; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; ‘Seeing estimation from 200 mb wind speed in the ELT campagne ‘, in proceeding of Symposium On Seeing, 20 - 22 March 2007, Kona, Hawaii, USA, p119.

59.  Benkhaldoun Z., Habib, A., ‘From the simulated annealing method to Single Star Scidar’, in proceeding of Symposium On Seeing, 20 - 22 March 2007, Kona, Hawaii, USA, p177.

60.  Abahamid Abdelouahed, Benkhaldoun Zouhair, El Azhari Youssef, ‘Preliminary study of the seasonal variation of optical seeing above Oukaēmeden site in the Moroccan High Atlas Mountains’, in proceeding of Symposium On Seeing, 20 - 22 March 2007, Kona, Hawaii, USA, p204.

61.  Siher El Arbi, Benkhaldoun Zouhair, Bounhir Aziza, ‘Atmospheric conditions by dust pollution over ELT sites’, in proceeding of Symposium On Seeing, 20 - 22 March 2007, Kona, Hawaii, USA, p206.

62.  Habib A., Benkhaldoun Z., ‘Some observing campaigns with Single Star SCIDAR’, in proceeding of Symposium On Seeing, 20 - 22 March 2007, Kona, Hawaii, USA, p184.

63.  Bounhir, Aziza; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Bernard, Mougenot; Siher, El Arbi; Lazrek, Mohamed, « ELT site prospect in Morocco: aerosol characterization », Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy. Edited by McLean, Ian S.; Iye, Masanori. Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 6269, pp. (2006).

64.  Elhalkouj, T.; Petrov, R. G.; Lazrek, M.; Ziad, A.; Benkhaldoun, Z., “Deep sky observations with Dome C optical interferometers”, Advances in Stellar Interferometry. Edited by Monnier, John D.; Schöller, Markus; Danchi, William C.. Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 6268, pp. (2006)

65.  T. Elhalkouj, R.G. Petrov, M. Lazrk, Z. Benkhaldoun, “Limiting magnitude for Dome C Optical Interferometers.”, Direct Imaging of Exoplanets: Science & Techniques. Proceedings of the IAU Colloquium #200, Edited by C. Aime and F. Vakili. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006., pp.313-316

66.  Benkhaldoun Z., Abahamid A.,  El Azhari Y. and Siher E., “OWL site survey: First seeing measurement with ADIMM”, SPIE,Volume 5489, pp. 113-121 (2004).

67.  Siher, E. A., Ortolani, S., Sarazin M., and Benkhaldoun Z.,“Correlation between TOMS aerosol index and astronomical extinction”, SPIE, Volume 5489, pp. 138-145 (2004).

68.  Abdelouahed Abahamid, Jean Vernin, Abdelhadi Jabiri and Zouhair Benkhaldoun, “Optical turbulence outer scale and coherence outer scale at different astronomical sites”,  SPIE, Volume 5489, pp. 190-195 (2004).

69.  Z. Benkhaldoun, Oukaimeden site testing results,. ASP,Vol. 266,414-423, 2002.

70.  A. Jabiri, Z. Benkhaldoun and A. Ziad « GSM Campaign at Oukaimeden: I- Optical characterisation of the site » , ASP, Vol. 266, 382-385, 2002

71.  A. Jabiri, Z. Benkhaldoun, « GSM Campaign at Oukaimeden: Il- Spatio-temporal analysis of he wave- front », ASP, Vol. 266,130-133, 2002.

72.  Benkhaldoun, Z., Siher, E.,  « Last Photometrics Data from Oukaimeden », SOHO-9 Workshop « Helioseismic Diagnostics of Solar Convection and Activity », Stanford, California, July 12-15, 1999.

73.  Benkhaldoun Z., Siher E, “Photometry Analysis using Oukaimeden IRIS Data”, Structure and Dynamics of the Interior of the Sun and Sun-like Stars SOHO 6/GONG 98 Workshop Abstract, Boston, Massachusetts, p. 109, June 1-4, 1998


e- Non published presentations:

1.      Benkhaldoun, Z., «ELT Site Prospection in Morrocan Atlas Mountains», Astronomy for the Developing World, 26th meeting of the IAU, Special Session 5 in Prague, Czech Republic, SPS, 21-22 August, 2006.

2.      Siher E.A. and Z. Benkhaldoun, ,” Aerosol index map over North Africa ELT sites”, Towards to the E-ELT”, Marseille, France,  2006.

3.      El Halkouj, Thami T.; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair Z.; Romain, Petrov P.; Lazrek, Mohamed M. »Large Telescops and Virtual Observatory: Visions for the Future », 25th meeting of the IAU, Joint Discussion, Sydney, Australia, 8-17 July 2003.

4.      Benkhaldoun, Zouhair “High Level Teaching Astronomy in Moroccan University”, Effective Teaching and Learning of Astronomy, 25th meeting of the IAU, Special Session 4 in Sydney, Australia, 24-25 July, 2003.

5.      Jabiri, A., Benkhaldoun, Z., Vernin, J., Climatologie de la turbulence atmosphérique, 4Źme Journée Maghrébine sur la Mécanique, Institut de genie mécanique, univ. Djllali liabes, Sidi Bel Abbes, 25 - 26 Octobre 1998.

6.      Benkhaldoun, Z., “The moroccan Experience in Astrophysical Reasearch: Oukaimeden Site “Seventh UN/ESA Workshop on Basic Space Science, Tegucigalpa M.D.C., Honduras, 16-20 Jun 1997.

7.      Siher, E., Benkhaldoun, Z., Jabiri, A.,  “Photometric data reduction of Oukaimeden site”. IRIS Workshop, Nice, 01-04 April 1996.

8.      Jabiri,A., Benkhaldoun, Z., Vernin, J., Siher, E.., «Estimation du seeing astronomique par des modŹles de prédiction», physique en herbe, Nice, 3-7 juillet 1995.

9.      Benkhaldoun,  Z, Jabiri, A.,  The meteorological data of the Oukaimeden site. IRIS Workshop, Cambridge 13 - 15 december 1993.

10.   Benkhaldoun,  Z., Kadiri, S., Lazrek, M., and  Touma, H., “Oukaimeden site study”. Workshop IRIS, Marrakesh, Morroco,  Ed. CNCPRST, 1991.

11.   Benkhaldoun,  Z,  “GONG Site testing at l’Oukaimeden” GONG Meeting, Tucson Arizona USA, 29 March-2 April  1990.

12.   Z. Benkhaldoun, M. Gambino, G. Hatem, J.P. Bros, M. Gaune-Escard, “Etude thermodynamique des systŹmes MCl-BiCl3 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb) : II. Température, enthalpie de fusion et capacité calorifique des composés définis.”, AFCAT, Ferrara, Octobre 1986.

13.   Z. Benkhaldoun, G. Hatem, M. Gaune-Escard, “Etude thermodynamique des systŹmes Mcl-BiCl3 (M=Li,Na,K,Rb): I. Enthalpie de mélange” AFCAT, Ferrara, Octobre 1986.

14.   Z. Benkhaldoun, G. Hatem, M. Gaune-Escard, “A thermodynamic associated model for the mixtures BiCl3-MCl (M= alkali metals)”, MSDG Meeting, Londres, 16 décembre 1985.

15.   Z. Benkhaldoun, G. Hatem, M. Gaune-Escard, “Difficultés expérimentales rencontrées dans la détermination des enthalpies de mélange de sels fondus trŹs réactifs. » AFCAT, Montpellier, 20-22 mai 1985.

Plus que 30 Circulaire du Minor Planet Center pour les détections et découvertes : (voir lien ci-dessus)

4.4. PHD supervising:

As a director:

1.    Mamoun Ait My El Arbi, « Observation depuis le sol et analyse des émissions associées aux chutes de météorides sur la lune », Université Cadi Ayyad, FSSM, Observatoire de l’Oukaimeden, Septembre 2016.

2.    Ahmed Daassou (Doctorat), « Contribution ą la mise en place de l’Astrophotométrie de précision ą l’OUCA, « Application ą la détection des exoplanŹtes de type Jupiter Chaud et Etudes de l’impact des météorides dans le systŹme Terre-Lune », Université Cadi Ayyad, FSSM, Observatoire de l’Oukaimeden, Juin 2015.

3.    Youssef Hach (Doctorat), « Analyse et Modélisation des ParamŹtres Astroclimatiques pour l’Evaluation des sites Astronomiques », Université Cadi Ayyad, FSSM, Octobre 2012.

4.    Bounhir Aziza, « Qualification des sites Astronomiques: Nouvelle approche par l’utilisation des mesures satellitaires et des données météorologiques », FSSM, Juin 2009.

5.    Habib Abdelfettah, (Doctorat) « Application de la technique du Scidar aux étoiles simples et Réalisation d’un « Single Star Scidar » », FSSM, 1-03- 2007

6.    Abdelouahed Abahamid,  (Doctorat), « Contribution ą la modélisation et l’évaluation de la turbulence atmosphérique & Mise en oeuvre et exploitation d’un moniteur de seeing astronomique », FSSM, 2005.

7.    Siher El Arbi (Doctorat d’Etat), « Extraction de l’extinction Atmosphérique ą Partir des données Heliosismologiques et Satellitaire », FSSM, Décembre 2004.

8.    Jabiri Abdelhadi.  (Doctorat d’Etat), «L’Oukaimeden Comme site d’Observation Astronomique : Caractérisation climatologique et optique et modélisation de la turbulence atmosphérique », Université Cadi Ayyad, FSSM, Mai 2001.

9.    Siher El Arbi (DES) « Photométrie en Astronomie. Application d’une Camera CCD ą l’Etude de la Variabilité d’une Etoile. Réduction des Données enregistrées par un PhotomŹtre Diurne ą L’Oukaimeden », Université Cadi Ayyad, FSSM, Octobre 1996.

10. Jabiri Abdelhadi.  (DES), « Etudes Météorologique du site de l’Oukaimeden. Climatologie du seeing par modélisation », Université Cadi Ayyad, FSSM, Octobre 1994


As co-supervisor:

1.    Sabil Mohamed (Doctorat), « Prospection et étude de sites astronomiques au Maroc: Le site d’Aklim dans l’Anti-Atlas. Réalisation d’un nouvel Instrument de mesure du Seeing: Le moniteur Interférentiel du Seeing », Université Cadi Ayyad, FSSM, Octobre 2012.

2.    Azagrouze Ossama, « Contribution ą l’Apodisation par Interférométrie, Coronographie et Détection des exoplanŹtes », FSSM Avril 2012.

3.    Thami EL HALKOUJ, «Vers l’interférométrie optique d’étoiles extragalactiques», Université Cadi Ayyad, FSSM, Janvier 2008.


4.5.     Workshops and meetings as Chair Person :

-       Ecole Internationale FAWSA (First Arab Winther School for Astrophysics), 2016

-       Cinq Ecoles Internationales OISA (Ecole Internationale d’Astrophysique de l’Oukaimeden). Entre 2007 et 2015

-       Organisation d’un colloque de l’Union Astronomique International : « IAU site 2000 » en novembre 2000 ą Marrakech.

-       Organisation du 7éme Work-shop IRIS  sur l’installation d’un réseau international en sismologie solaire, au mois de Mars1995 ą Marrakech.

-       Organisation du 3éme Work-shop IRIS, en octobre 1990 ą Marrakech.


5. Research Project and contract as PI

-       Projet TRAPIST-Nord, Partenaire Université de Liége-FRS Belgique (2016, en cours d’execution)

-       Projet OWL-Net, Partenaire Korean Astronomical Space Institut (2014, en cours d’exécution)

-       Projet KACOOLR, Partenaire : King Abdulaziz University (2014, en cours d’exécution)

-       Projet RENOIR, Partenaire : Université de l’Illinois, USA (2013, en cours d’exécution)

-       Projet PICS, Partenaire : Observatoire de la Cote d’Azur (2014-2017)

-       Action Intégrée Volubilis, Partenaires : Université de Toulouse, Observatoire de Paris, Université Hassan II. (2011-2013)

-       Projet MOSS, Partenaires, France, Suisse (2011, en cours d’exécution).

-       Projet ELT, partenaire : Académie Hassan II des Sciences et Techniques (2008-2009)

-       Projet E-ELT, Partenaire : Union Européenne, FP6 (2006-2009).

-       PICS, Partenaire : Université de Nice, « « Prospection de site pour les futurs trŹs grands télescopes (ELT) et étude du seeing atmosphérique.», (2004-2007).

-       Responsable d’un contrat de recherche avec l’ESO (European Southern Observatory) 2003 -2005

-       Programme PARS 66 SDU CNRST, (2001-2006)

-       Action Intégrée, partenaire : Université de Nice (1997-2000)


6. Distinctions et expertise:

Distinctions :

Š              Benkhaldoun Astéroēde (133892) Benkhaldoun = 2004 RN8 = 2000 XH46 , « Zouhair Benkhaldoun (b. 1959) is a researcher in Cadi Ayyad University’s department of physics in Marrakech. Since 2007 he has been the director of the Oukaimeden Observatory. [Ref: Minor Planet Circ. 78271] » http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=133892

Š              1st Prize for the best Inter-University Morocco-France cooperation (FES 2008).

Š              2nd Prize of the Best Research Structure of the UCA (2009).

Š              Quoted in the directory of 100 of the "Morocco Business Intelligence, 2010 edition".

Š              Nominated by the Hassan II Academy of Sciences and Techniques (MOROCCO) for the 2013 prize of the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS).


6. Expertise and evaluation

-               Scientific expert for FRS (Belgian Scientific Research Fund)

-               Expert evaluator for National Center for Scientific and Technical Research (Morocco).

-               Expert to the European Union for the Tempus program.

-               Member of Recruitment Commissions of Assistant Professors (Morocco).

-               CNAE expert for the accreditation of training courses (Morocco).

-               Referee of scientific journals.

-               Referee of several PHD theses.

-               Jury member of several PhD theses.


7. Others

-               Teaching: Responsible of several courses in various Bachelor's degree (SMP) and Master (High Energy Physics and Astrophysics)

-               Supervision of Master internship  (more than 60).

-               Member of several socio-cultural NGOs.

-               Founding member of the Association of Amateur Astronomy (3AM), president from 1999 to 2012.

-               President of the CNAM (National Committee for Astronomy in Morocco), elected in 2013.

-               President of the Arab Astronomical Society (ArAs) (elected in December 2016)